difference between a top-down approach and a bottom-up approach in programming.
|Top-down Approach||Bottom-up Approach|
|A top-down approach is essentially the breaking down of a program to gain insight into its compositional small program (or module) in a reverse engineering fashion.||A bottom-up approach is the piecing together of modules (or small programs) to give rise to a more complex program, thus making the original modules of the emergent program.|
|Structure / procedure-oriented programming languages like C programming language follow a top-down approach.||Object-oriented programming languages like C++ and JAVA programming language follow a bottom-up approach.|
|A top-down approach begins with high-level design and ends with low-level design or development.||A bottom-up approach begins with low-level design or development and ends with high-level design.|
|In the top-down approach, the main function is written first and all sub-functions are called from the main function thus, sub-functions are written based on the requirement||In the bottom-up approach, code is developed from modules and then these modules are integrated with the main function|
|In top-down, you start building the highest level of abstraction and then make small bits that will fit it.||To put it in the simplest way, bottom-up means, you make the smallest pieces of your program first and then use them as blocks to build a bigger program.|