CBSE CLASS 12

CBSE Class 12 : Python

Revision tour

CBSE Class 12 : Functions

Functions

User defined functions

Resursion

Recursion Examples

CBSE Class 12: Inbuilt Functions

String Inbuilt Functions
Math Inbuilt Functions
Date and Time Inbuilt Functions
Random Module

CBSE Class 12 : Data File Handling

Data File Handling

Character by Character reading
Word by word reading
Line by line reading

CBSE Class 12 : Data Structures

Introduction to Data Structures
Stacks and its Applications
Implementation of Stacks
Queue and its Applications
Implementation of Queue

CBSE Class 12 : Interface Python With SQL

Class 12 Interface Python With SQL

Example : 1 Student Record management

Example :2 Bank Record Management

CBSE Class 12 : Web Development With Django

Introduction To Django

Example 1: To Test Django

Example 2: To Display Welcome Message

Example 3: To Display Data in Table Format

CBSE Class : Communication And Network Concepts

Full Forms

Computer Networks

Wired and Wireless Networks

New Technologies

Network Devices

Network Stack

IP Address

Transmission Control Protocol

Basic Network Tools and Applications

Switching techniques

 

Network topologies

Society Law and Ethics

Society Law and Ethics

Digital Property Rights

LICENSING

CYBERCRIME

Cyber Forensics

Technology And Society

Gender and Disability issues

 

CBSE Class 12 : Sample Papers

Class 12 Python Sample Paper 1
Class 12 Python Sample Paper 1 (Solution)
Class 12 Python Sample Paper 2
Class 12 Python Sample Paper 2 (Solution)

CBSE Class 12 : Practical File

Practical File Programs

CBSE Class 12 :  Python Project

Student management System

Student Management System 2

Banking System

MarkSheet Management System

Stock Management System

Telephone Directory

Digital Directory

Network topologies

Network topologies

Network topologies and types

Network topology

  • Computer networks may be classified according to the network topology upon which the network is based, such as Bus network, Star network, Ring network, Mesh network, Star-bus network, Tree or Hierarchical topology network, etc.
  • Network Topology signifies the way in which intelligent devices in the network see their logical relations to one another.

 

Star Topology

The type of network topology in which each of the nodes of the network is connected to a central node with a point-to-point link in a ‘hub’ and ‘spoke’ fashion, the central node being the ‘hub’ and the nodes that are attached to the central node being the ‘spokes’ (e.g., a collection of point-to-point links from the peripheral nodes that converge at a central node) – all data that is transmitted between nodes in the network is transmitted to this central node, which is usually some type of device that then retransmits the data to some or all of the other nodes in the network, although the central node may also be a simple common connection point (such as a ‘punch-down’ block) without any active device to repeat the signals.

Bus Topology

The type of network topology in which all of the nodes of the network are connected to a common transmission medium which has exactly two endpoints (this is the ‘bus’, which is also commonly referred to as the backbone, or trunk) – all data that is transmitted between nodes in the network is transmitted over this common transmission medium and is able to be received by all nodes in the network virtually simultaneously (disregarding propagation delays).

Ring Topology
The type of network topology in which each of the nodes of the network is connected to two other nodes in the network and with the first and last nodes being connected to each other, forming a ring – all data that is transmitted between nodes in the network travels from one node to the next node in a circular manner and the data generally flows in a single direction only.

Mesh Topology  

The value of fully meshed networks is proportional to the exponent of the number of subscribers, assuming that communicating groups of any two endpoints, up to and including all the end points.

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